Galvanic Facial Machines
To perform disincrustation, an acid-based electropositive solution is placed onto the skin's surface. The solution is formulated to remain on the surface of the skin rather than be absorbed. When conducting disincrustation, the client holds the positive electrode, the positive polarity. The esthetician has direct contact with the disincrustator that is set on negative polarity. This creates a chemical reaction that transforms the sebum of the skin using a process known as saponification. Soap is made from fat and lye (sodium hydroxide). When the electrical current interacts with the salts (sodium chloride) in the skin, it creates the chemical sodium hydroxide or lye. This soapy substance helps dissolve excess oil, clogged pores, and remove other debris on the skin, while softening it at the same time.
Iontophoerisis: Iontophoresis is the process of introducing water-soluble products into the skin with an electric current. This process allows estheticians to penetrate ions of an applied solution into the deeper layers of the skin with the galvanic current. Ions are atoms or molecules that carry an electrical charge. Current flows through conductive solutions from the positive and negative polarities. This is known as ionization, the separating of a substance into ions.
CAUTION: We do not recommend you purchase professional facial machines unless you are a licensed esthetician. Galvanic current should not be used on couperose skin, pustular acne, or inflamed areas, or on clients who are pregnant, have pacemakers, heart problems, high blood pressure, braces, or are epileptic. Be sure to know all of the contraindications of using a machine before implementing it in treatments. The client should avoid contact with metal during electrical machine treatments. A burn may occur if contact is made.