In 95% of back pain cases, the cause is linked to the way the bones, ligaments, and muscles of the back work together. It comes on suddenly, but can also be due to strain over time rather than a result of overdoing it just once.
Most people who suffer from this sort of back pain are adults. The pain is often in the low back, and may also spread to the buttocks and thighs. It will come and go at different levels of activity.
Back Pain Triggers
1. Poor posture
2. Lack of exercise
3. Standing or bending down for long periods of time
4. Sitting in a chair that doesn’t provide back support
5. Sleeping on a mattress that doesn’t provide enough back support
6. Lifting, carrying, pushing, or pulling loads that are simply too heavy, or done in the wrong way
7. A trip or a fall
Poor posture is the most common cause of back pain. Poor posture can weaken muscles and strain joints, leading to repeated episodes of pain. There are other causes of back problems that are much less common. Nerve root pain is the cause in less than 5% of the people with back pain. The pain is caused by compression of a nerve root, which is the start of a nerve as it leaves the spinal cord. It is usually caused when a vertebral disc becomes displaced or bulges out from its normal position, putting pressure on the nerve root. This is called a slipped disc. The pain will normally be in the lower back, and there may be pain down one or both legs to the calves, feet, or toes. In this case, the pain is sometimes called sciatica because the nerve that runs down each leg is called the sciatic nerve.
Back pain is spread fairly evenly across the country in terms of age, sex and geography but occupation does make a difference. Some occupations can cause back problems without involving injury. Among these are: driving a motor vehicle, work involving intensive use of the telephone, factory work, computer work, or a job where you’re on your feet all day.
Ways to relieve - Back Pain
Pain in the upper back is usually located in the rhomboids, which are the muscles underneath each scapula. The pain usually feels like a huge knot between your shoulders. To get relief, lay face down and pull your arm back so that the top of your hand is resting on your back. Your scapula will protrude out a little more to make getting to the rhomboids more accessible. Have your partner use good amount of pressure or a trigger point tool to stroke the muscle until it softens. The Backnobber II is a very effective massage tool for getting to those hard to reach places yourself.
Pain in the mid-back can be relieved by massaging the areas on each side of the spine. The spine frequently carries tension from day to day stress, emotional anxieties, and incorrect posture. The Thumper Minipro 2 is a very effective massage tool and great to use along the spine. If you want something with more options, Thumper Versapro
massager has 13 different massage settings, a remote control and 7 auto programs. You can use the Versapro massager on your feet, calves, thighs or lower back. You can save some money with a similar performing massage tool. Massagenius Magic Massager has 10 speed adjustments, 2 way heat options and various pre-set program combinations.
Low back pain can be helped with a combination of stretching and deep pressure to the low back. A good stretch to do is to lie on the floor and bring the legs up to the chest one at a time. Hold the position for at least a minute. Stroking the lower back with deep pressure deoxygenates the muscles, forcing it to relax. We also recommend the SlimFairy Back Massager for a relaxing back massage.
the causes of headaches and tension in the scalp are due to tightness of the muscle that surrounds the skull. tension, or muscular headaches occur when you strain the muscles of your head and neck, often without even realizing you have done it. migraines consist of throbbing in your head, especially on one side behind your eyes. they occur when the blood vessels in the scalp expand, and they may be triggered by certain factors like stress or being in the bright sunlight.
the face contains a huge number of nerve receptors and, therefore a face massage can have profound effects all through the body. it can change your mood, enhance relaxation and control pain. massage done on the face can leave people looking and feeling years younger.
ways to relieve - face and scalp irritation
aromaland's aromatherapy bath and body blue collection is a great way to get a head or scalp massage. the soothing aromatherapy scents found in these unique bath and body products are not only good for your scalp, but help relieve tension and stress. the face contains a huge number of nerve receptors and, therefore, a face massage can have profound effects all through the body. it will change your mood, enhance relaxation, and control pain. the scalp can store a surprising amount of tension, and will cause the skin to feel taut and difficult to move if it is not relaxed. stroke your whole face with soft, molding hands. then, with the fingers of both hands, stroke slowly and firmly from the center of your forehead out to your temples. stroke under your cheekbones, from your nose to your ears; this can help if you suffer from sinus congestion. then stroke from your mouth out toward the edges of your jaw. next, use the pads of your fingers to tap lightly under your eyes and over your eyelids. the sensation should resemble lightly falling rain. this movement helps disperse congestion in the area and reduce puffiness around the eyes that can be caused by tiredness.
to release tension in the scalp, place your palms on your temples, and slowly circle your palms ten times in one direction and ten times in the other. then make circular palm pressure all over your scalp. another way is to clasp some strands of hair at the root, twist them around your fingers, and gently pull. imagine you are pulling out tension. hold the hair for a few seconds longer and then release it. repeat the sequence using hair from all over the scalp. you can use both hands or one hand after the other. the tingler is a very effective massage tool for stimulating the nerve endings in the scalp. all your tension and stress seem to melt away as your head is tingled by the gentle copper fingers. you'll feel the pleasure shoot down your spine and throughout your entire body.
causes - neck and shoulder pain
bad posture; sitting cramped over a desk; hunched over a steering wheel; certain sports, such as golf; and illnesses such as asthma, can all cause strain and tension to the neck and shoulders.
the chest muscles shorten and contract, causing the muscles in the upper back to become overstretched. this results in rounded shoulders and tight, inflexible muscles in the neck and upper back. stretching and relaxing the chest muscles, along with kneading the shoulders can help in reducing pain in the neck and shoulders.
ways to relieve - neck pain
to relieve neck pain caused by slumping posture, you should first lengthen out the front of the neck. the easiest way to do this is to lay on the floor, and place a rolled up towel right under the top of your back (between l1 and l2). the towel should be thick enough, so that it allows the front of your neck to fully lengthen out. lay in that position for five to ten minutes. this exercise is great for people that work on the computer or drive a car a lot. another way to relieve this type of neck pain is to massage each side of the neck. both the slimfairy electric massager and thumper minipro2 are highly effective at massaging the neck, while the epulse neck massager most closely simulates tapping of the hands. These tools do all the work so you just relax and enjoy. if the muscles feel real cord-like, start with gentle pressure when stroking the neck. when the muscles soften up a little, you can increase the pressure a little.
neck pain caused by stress or an upper chest breather can also be very painful. the muscles all around the neck and chest muscles tighten up. the first thing to do is lengthen the chest muscles. then you can use a tool to stroke the back of the neck, especially the crevice area called the occipital. start with light pressure, and gradually increase it as the muscles loosen up. a good method for the sides of the neck is kneading. kneading simply means to grab the muscle, and slightly pull. the thumper minipro2 works great for massaging the chest as well. keep it on low speed and you'll be truly satisfied.
ways to relieve - shoulder pain
to get relief from shoulder pain, lying on your side is the most effective position for stretching and massage. to lengthen the shoulder muscles, bring one arm up and over the head and hold position for at least one minute. repeat this stretch two to three times on each side. stretching tense muscles is very important to do before massage because it lengthens the target muscle and opens up the jointed area.
the brachial nerve plexus, which supplies the arm, may be affected by soft tissue dysfunction in the shoulder area. take in consideration the location of the brachial nerve, and massage around the nerve. be careful not to work directly on the nerve, and be aware of any painful areas close to it. the painful areas around the nerve and numbness in the fingers are an indication of nerve impingement. massaging the shoulder from front to back will help to reduce muscle tension and soften connective tissue in the area. it is also helpful to use a tool like the thumper minipro2 or even the backnobber ii on any knotty areas in the shoulder area to release the tension.
The cause of many instances of shoulder or arm pain is obvious. You do something to injure the arm or shoulder and immediately feel pain. You may have broken a bone or dislocated your shoulder. Perhaps you strained tendons or ligaments by carrying too much weight for too long, by lifting something that was too heavy, overreaching or overexerting your arm-as when playing sports when you’re out of shape-or by keeping your arm in an awkward position or even by sleeping on the shoulder. The resulting pain may range from an annoying ache to an acute pain that makes it hard for you to use the injured arm.
There are other, less-obvious causes of shoulder or arm pain. Each is distinguished by where it is felt, whether it comes on suddenly or over time, when it is at its worst, if the pain extends to other joints in your body, and if other symptoms—such as swelling, numbness, tingling, fever, fatigue, and insomnia—accompany the pain. The causes of shoulder and arm pain include tendonitis, bursitis, arthritis, and gout. Such pain may also result from a reaction to medications such as penicillin, anti-anxiety drugs, and oral contraceptives. Whiplash injuries, common in auto accidents, can also cause shoulder and arm pain.
Shoulder and arm pain may be referred from some other region of the body, as when someone suffering a heart attack feels pain in the left shoulder and down the left arm. The pain may also be referred from nerves associated with the joints in the upper spine or “trigger points” in the back, which are particularly responsive to chiropractic spinal adjustments designed to treat such problems.
To get arm pain relief, it is important to first have some joint movement in the wrist and elbow. Circular motions of the hand are important to do frequently because it opens up the joint, bringing more synovial fluid to the area. Extending and flexing arm works well to open the elbow joint.
To massage the arm, you can lay it on a hard surface with the underside of the arm exposed. To release tension buildup from overuse or lack of use, apply pressure in circular motions with your hand or tool. This softens up the muscle, allowing it to relax.
Causes - Leg Pain
Legs are generally abused from standing or sitting for long periods of time. It is important to stretch, massage, and incorporate joint movement to get pain relief. The knee is a complex joint influenced by muscles from above and below the joint. Knee instability is often compensated for by increased muscle tension in the leg muscles and shortening of the iliotibial tract (large connective tissue structure on the outside of the leg). Flexing and extending the knee frequently is great for the jointed area. The distribution of leg pain can indicate the nerve portion affected. When located, the entire nerve tract needs to be searched above and below the impingement site for soft tissue restriction to provide soft tissue normalization around the nerves. Light stroking along the nerve tracks is very soothing.
To release the tightness and tension in the muscles, use deep pressure strokes and compressions to force the muscles to relax. It is hard to get to some of the deeper muscle layers with just your hand. The use of a tool will allow you to get the deep pressure you need to relax the muscles. Use deep strokes on the entire length of the muscle, and deeper compressions on the knotted areas.
The wrists and hands are busy, even when we are resting other joints. The hands and wrists are involved in nearly every daily activity, from gripping a steering wheel to scratching a mosquito bite. When hand pain interferes, daily activity comes to a stop. Because of the complicated orthopedic constructions, wrists and hands are susceptible to injury from accidents, misuse and overuse. Multiple small bones with intricate connections to multiple nerve networks, ligaments and tendons mean our hands are the most sensitive and useful body parts. Also because of the complicated orthopedics, our hands may be the first parts to suffer injury.
Hand pain can be caused by orthopedic conditions including:
1. Arthritis-inflammation of the wrist and finger joints
2. Ganglion cysts-a fluid-filled lump caused by inflammation of the joint linings
or tendon sheaths
3. Carpel tunnel syndrome-numbness and tingling caused by pressure on the meridian
nerve in the hand
4. Tendonitis-inflammation and swelling of the sheath surrounding the thumb tendons
5. Dupuytren’s contracture-hereditary orthopedic thickening of the fascia tissue just below the skin of the palm that may eventually pull the fingers into the palm
The hand is usually in a flexed position, so opening and spreading the tissues of the palm is very beneficial. Joint movement of the wrist and fingers will stimulate blood flow and increase circulation. Moving your hand in a circular motion and pulling on each of the fingers is great for the joints. Deep pressure massage on the tops of the hands and palm can aid in hand pain. It is hard to get a deep enough pressure when giving yourself a hand massage, so sometimes using a hard rounded object on the palm side is very effective and soothing.
Causes - Foot Pain:
Nearly all causes of foot pain can be categorized under one or more of the following conditions.
Shoes - The causes of most foot pain are poorly fitting shoes. High-heeled shoes concentrate pressure on the toes and are major culprits for aggravating, if not causing, problems in the toes.
Temporary changes in Foot Size and Shape - Temperature, and therefore weather, affects the feet: they contract with cold and expand with heat. Feet can change shape and increase in size by as much as 5% depending on whether a person is walking, sitting, or standing.
Poor Posture - Improper walking due to poor posture can cause foot pain.
Medical Conditions - Any medical condition that causes imbalance or poor circulation can contribute to foot pain.
Inherited Conditions - Inherited abnormalities in the back, legs, or feet can cause pain. For example, commonly one leg is shorter than the other, causing an imbalance.
High-Impact Exercising High-impact exercising, such as jogging or strenuous aerobic, can injure the feet. Common injuries include corns, calluses, blisters, muscle cramps, acute knee and ankle injuries, plantar fasciitis, and metatatarsalgia.
To relieve foot pain, apply pressure and movement systematically to the entire foot and ankle. You can use a lot of pressure to the curvature of the foot. The pressure will stimulate the circulation, nerves, and reflexes. The large amount of sensory information flooding to the central nervous system has significant effects within the body supporting complete relaxation. Massage tools are great to use on the feet because you can get to the deeper layers of muscle in the feet. Our feet take a lot of abuse during a normal day and should not be neglected.